# Mathematical Science

Mathematics is one of the oldest and most fundamental sciences. Mathematicians use mathematical theory, computational techniques, algorithms, and the latest computer technology to solve economic, scientific, engineering, physics, and business problems. The work of mathematicians falls into two broad classes- theoretical (pure) mathematics and applied mathematics. These classes, however, are not sharply defined, and often overlap. The study of mathematics as a science does follow either a theoretical or application-based approach.

## Significant Points:

- A doctoral degree in mathematics usually is the minimum education needed, except in the Federal Government.
- Employment is expected to decline because very few jobs with the title mathematician are available.
- Master’s and Ph.D. degree holders with a strong background in mathematics and a related discipline, such as computer science or engineering, should have good employment opportunities in related occupations.

## Sample Occupations:

- Mathematicians
- Theoretical Research
- Weight Analyst
- Data Reduction Technician
- Market Research
- Teachers
- Computer programming
- System analysts
- Operations
- Research analyst

## Skills Required:

- Computer skills
- Good communication skills
- Ability to concentrate for long periods of time
- Ability to make critical observations
- Problem Solving

## Professional Organizations:

- American Mathematical Society (AMS)
- American Statistical Association (ASA)
- International Statistical Institute (ISI)
- Mathematical Association of America
- Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM)
- Society of Actuaries
- Operations Research Society of America

## Department:

- Mathematical Sciences

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Last modified: October 18, 2010 15:36:03