History of the Internet and Internet2
|Circa 1969||The Department of Defense creates ARPAnet, the Advanced Research Projects Agency network. It connected four sites including the Stanford Research Institute, two University of California campuses at UCLA and UCSB, and the University of Utah.|
|1983||TCP/IP becomes the standard protocol. The military needed research partners so the government granted university access to ARPAnet. The standard protocol enabled dissimilar and regional IP networks to connect, and the ARPAnet became known as the Internet.|
|mid-1980s||The National Science Foundation (NSF) began developing a high-speed backbone between its supercomputer centers. In 1987, non-commercial traffic passed the NSFnet, with schools and research organizations being the largest users. The NSF-sponsored very-high-performance Backbone Network Service became known as vBNS.|
|1995||The Internet was privatized with MCI WorldCom holding a 5-year vBNS contract. Hyperlinks and Mosaic spur growth.|
|1995-1996||Higher education sees the commodity traffic highlighting some of the problems of the Internet. Internet2 is formed to provide priority status and responsiveness to higher education and research organizations. Internet2 members dub the Internet, "the commodity Internet".|
|October 1996||Internet2 Project was formed. This is its evolution.|
- The Internet2 network is an advanced national backbone network that supports the development and deployment of the new applications being developed within the Internet2 community. It connects regional network aggregation points, called gigaPoPs, to support the work of Internet2 members, which are all universities, as they develop advanced Internet applications. Abilene peers with other high-performance research and education networks.
- The University Corporation for Advanced Internet Development (UCAID) is a non-profit consortium, led by university members working in partnership with corporate and affiliate members, to provide leadership and direction for advanced networking development.
- The U.S. government need for better quality-of-service spawned the Next Generation Internet (NGI) Initiative. The NGI initiative is a multi-agency Federal research and development (R&D) program that is developing advanced networking technologies, developing revolutionary applications that require advanced networking, and demonstrating these capabilities on test beds that are 100 to 1,000 times faster end-to-end than today's Internet.
- The university-led Internet2 and the federally led NGI are parallel and complementary initiatives based in the United States. Internet2 and NGI are already working together in many areas. For example, through participation in a NSF NGI program, over 150 Internet2 universities have received competitively awarded grants to support connections to advanced backbone networks such as Abilene and the very high performance Backbone Network Service (vBNS). Internet2 is also forming partnerships with similar advanced networking initiatives around the world. Working together will help ensure a cohesive and interoperable advanced networking infrastructure for research and education, and the continued interoperability of the global Internet.
Last modified: Oct 10, 2012, 16:21 EDT