Worcester Polytechnic Institute Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection

Title page for ETD etd-0424102-141341

Document Typethesis
Author NameWarke, Rajas V
Email Address rvwarke at hotmail.com
TitleActivation of TNF alpha, IL1-beta and Type-i IFn Pathways in human umbilical vein endothelial cells During Dengue 2 Virus Infection
DepartmentBiology & Biotechnology
  • Irene Bosch, Advisor
  • Sam Politz, Committee Member
  • Dave Adams, Committee Member
  • Keywords
  • Type-I IFN
  • TNF-alpha
  • IL1-beta
  • Dengue virus
  • Date of Presentation/Defense2002-04-22
    Availability unrestricted


    Differential Display technique was used for gene profiling in trnasformed human umbilical vein endothelial cell line (ECV 304) and primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) to study the cellular response to viral infection. After screening the mRNA from uninfected and infected HUVECs and ECV 304 cells with 16 different random primers we identified 8 gene targets. These genes included the human inhibitor of apoptosis-1 (h-IAP1), 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase (2'-5' OAS), 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase-like (2'-5' OAS-like), Galectin-9 (Gal-9), MxA, Mx1, Regulator of g-protein signaling (RGS2) and endothelial and smooth muscle cell-derived neuropilin-like protein (ESDN). We found that HUVECs were a better model to study gene expression dureing dengue 2 virus infection but not the transformed cell line, ECV 304. Of the 41 primer combinations utilized in ECV 304 cells detected only one upregulated gene, h-IAP1 and 8 out of the 16 primer combinations tried for HUVECs. We hypothesize the activation of two novel signaling pathways (Tumor necrosis factor- alpha (TNF-alpha), Interleukin1-beta (IL1-beta) in endothelial cells during D2V infection. ALso, our data detected genes that are activated in the Type-I IFN (IFN alpha/beta) signaling pathway during dengue 2 virus infection in HUVEC.

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