Document Type thesis Author Name Warke, Rajas V Email Address rvwarke at hotmail.com URN etd-0424102-141341 Title Activation of TNF alpha, IL1-beta and Type-i IFn Pathways in human umbilical vein endothelial cells During Dengue 2 Virus Infection Degree MS Department Biology & Biotechnology Advisors Irene Bosch, Advisor Sam Politz, Committee Member Dave Adams, Committee Member Keywords Type-I IFN TNF-alpha IL1-beta Dengue virus Date of Presentation/Defense 2002-04-22 Availability unrestricted
Differential Display technique was used for gene profiling in trnasformed human umbilical vein endothelial cell line (ECV 304) and primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) to study the cellular response to viral infection. After screening the mRNA from uninfected and infected HUVECs and ECV 304 cells with 16 different random primers we identified 8 gene targets. These genes included the human inhibitor of apoptosis-1 (h-IAP1), 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase (2'-5' OAS), 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase-like (2'-5' OAS-like), Galectin-9 (Gal-9), MxA, Mx1, Regulator of g-protein signaling (RGS2) and endothelial and smooth muscle cell-derived neuropilin-like protein (ESDN). We found that HUVECs were a better model to study gene expression dureing dengue 2 virus infection but not the transformed cell line, ECV 304. Of the 41 primer combinations utilized in ECV 304 cells detected only one upregulated gene, h-IAP1 and 8 out of the 16 primer combinations tried for HUVECs. We hypothesize the activation of two novel signaling pathways (Tumor necrosis factor- alpha (TNF-alpha), Interleukin1-beta (IL1-beta) in endothelial cells during D2V infection. ALso, our data detected genes that are activated in the Type-I IFN (IFN alpha/beta) signaling pathway during dengue 2 virus infection in HUVEC.
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