Worcester Polytechnic Institute Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection

Title page for ETD etd-042514-133724


Document Typethesis
Author NameKim, Jin Kyung
Email Address jinkyung.kim at wpi.edu
URNetd-042514-133724
TitleA Conceptual Framework for Assessing Post-Earthquake Fire Performance of Buildings
DegreeME
DepartmentFire Protection Engineering
Advisors
  • Brian J. Meacham, Advisor
  • Nicholas A. Dembsey, Reader
  • Keywords
  • earthquake building damage
  • performance-based design
  • post-earthquake building fire
  • fire following earthquake
  • Date of Presentation/Defense2014-04-25
    Availability unrestricted

    Abstract

    Earthquakes can severely damage building

    structural and nonstructural systems and

    components, including active and passive fire

    protection and egress systems. If the occurrence

    of such damage is not anticipated at the design

    stage, the impact of a post-earthquake fire could

    be significant, as building and fire protection

    systems may not perform as expected.

    Unfortunately, even though both the seismic and

    fire engineering communities utilize performance-

    based approaches for designing well-performing and

    resilient buildings under earthquake and fire

    hazards respectively, each discipline carries out

    their associated building performance analyses

    independently. As a result, fire protection

    engineers have little guidance as to how to

    estimate structural and nonstructural building

    systems and component damage as inputs to help

    them develop post-earthquake building fire

    scenarios. To help bridge this gap, a conceptual

    framework is developed that illustrates how

    performance-based approaches for earthquake and

    fire engineering analysis and design can become

    more integrated for the development of post-

    earthquake fire scenarios. Using a fictional

    building in an earthquake prone area as an

    example, the conceptual framework is implemented

    to show (a) how earthquake-induced damage to

    building fire protection systems could be

    estimated using an earthquake performance

    assessment tool, (b) how the damage estimates

    might be translated into physical damage

    parameters in a way that is meaningful for

    developing post-earthquake building fire

    scenarios, (c) how the damage states might be

    implemented in terms of fire and egress modeling

    input parameters, and (d) how this information

    could be used to and compare post-earthquake

    building fire safety performance to a normal

    (undamaged) building fire conditions.

    Files
  • jkim.pdf

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