Worcester Polytechnic Institute Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection

Title page for ETD etd-0430104-152257


Document Typedissertation
Author NameCooper, Christopher G. F.
URNetd-0430104-152257
TitleSelf-Assembled Systems for Molecular Device Applications
DegreePhD
DepartmentChemistry & Biochemistry
Advisors
  • W. Grant McGimpsey, Advisor
  • John C. MacDonald, Co-Advisor
  • James P. Dittami, Department Head
  • Nicholas Kildahl, Committee Member
  • Danial D.M. Wayner, Committee Member
  • Keywords
  • nanotechnology
  • thin films
  • nanotubes
  • Molecular Self Assembly
  • Date of Presentation/Defense2004-04-05
    Availability unrestricted

    Abstract

    The rational design, synthesis, and characterization of several systems that undergo self-assembly are described. Systems were chosen based on their ability to self-assemble in a highly ordered and predictable fashion that imparts order on the structure such that it is able to perform a given device function. Herein we describe self-assembled multilayered thin films on gold that can behave as molecular wires with tunable length, photocurrent generating films, and surfaces with photoswitchable wettability, and self-assembling peptide nanotubes that can potentially function as long range energy and electron transfer conduits.

    A non-covalent, modular approach to multilayered thin film fabrication was used to generate three thin film systems that function as molecular scale wires, photocurrent generating devices, and photoswitchable thin films, respectively. These films were based on 4-[(10-mercaptodecyl)oxy]pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid self-assembled monolayers on gold. These monolayers are able to chelate metal (II) ions, and thus multilayers were assembled based on metal-ligand coordination chemistry. The three systems described were characterized by contact angle measurements, electrochemical methods, and grazing angle IR spectroscopy. All three systems emphasize the versatility of a modular approach to thin film construction, and provide proof-of-concept for future studies.

    A cyclic octapeptide architecture was employed as a scaffold for the predictable self-assembly of photoactive groups within a nanotubular structure. The degree of cyclic peptide aggregation in stacking nanotube systems and non-stacking monomer systems, was studied via fluorescence emission spectroscopy. Based on the spectral results, it was determined that peptide nanotubes can be constructed such that photoactive side chains can be assembled in stacks. Future experiments for the determination of long range energy and/or charge transfer in these systems are also discussed.

    Files
  • Cooper.pdf

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