Document Type dissertation Author Name Rockwell, Scott URN etd-081412-151228 Title Influence of Coal Dust on Premixed Turbulent Methane-Air Flames Degree PhD Department Fire Protection Engineering Advisors Ali S. Rangwala, Advisor Kathy A. Notarianni, Committee Member Simon W. Evans, Committee Member Sanjeeva Balasuriya, Committee Member Alfonso F. Ibarreta, Committee Member Forman A. Williams, Committee Member Keywords experimental technique turbulent burning velocity coal Date of Presentation/Defense 2012-08-14 Availability unrestricted
The hazard associated with dust deflagrations has increased over the last decade industries that manufacture, transport, process, or use combustible dusts. Identification of the controlling parameters of dust deflagration mechanisms is crucial to our understanding of the problem. The objective of this study is to develop an experimental platform, called the Hybrid Flame Analyzer (HFA), capable of measuring the laminar and turbulent burning velocity of gas, dust, and hybrid (gas and dust) air premixed flames as a function of properties specific to the reactants such as dust-particle size and concentration.
In this work the HFA is used to analyze a particle-gas-air premixed system composed of coal dust particles (75-90 µm and 106-120 µm) in a premixed CH4-air ( = 0.8, 1.0 and 1.2) flame. This work ultimately aims to improve the knowledge on fundamental aspects of dust flames which is essential for the development of mathematical models. This study is the first of its kind where multiple different parameters that govern flame propagation (initial particle radius, particle concentration, gas phase equivalence ratio, turbulent intensity, and integral length scale) are systematically analyzed in a spatially uniform cloud of volatile particles forming a stationary flame.
The experiments show that the turbulent burning velocity is more than two-times larger than the laminar counter-part for each and every case studied. It is observed that smaller particles and larger concentrations (> 50 g/m3) tend to enhance the turbulent burning velocity significantly compared to larger particle sizes and lower concentration ranges. The experimental data is used to develop a correlation similar to turbulent gas flames to facilitate modeling of the complex behavior.
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