Worcester Polytechnic Institute Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection

Title page for ETD etd-082212-151557


Document Typethesis
Author NameKnox, Daniel
Email Address danieldknox at gmail.com
URNetd-082212-151557
TitlePerformance Characteristics of PBI-based High Temperature Direct Methanol Fuel Cells
DegreeMS
DepartmentChemical Engineering
Advisors
  • Ravindra Datta, Advisor
  • Keywords
  • fuel cells
  • DMFC
  • PBI
  • Date of Presentation/Defense2012-08-22
    Availability restricted

    Abstract

    This thesis investigates the effect of temperature, methanol concentration, and oxidant type on the performance of a Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) using two versions of a commercially available polybenzimidazole (PBI)-based membrane electrode assembly (MEA): the Celtec®-P 1000 MEA of original thickness and double thickness. The PBI-based MEA’s were tested under the vapor-phase methanol concentrations of 1M, 2M, 3M, 5M, 7.5M, and 10M, temperatures of 160-180°C, and oxidants of oxygen and air. It was found that performance increased with temperature and that oxygen outperformed air as methanol concentrations increased. The double thickness PBI-based MEA, was more resistant to methanol crossover and performed better with increasing methanol concentrations. Thus, these commercial MEAs may be suitable for developing higher temperature DMFCs.

    Files
  • (WPI)Daniel_Knox_Masters_Thesis.pdf

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