Document Type thesis Author Name Kwon, Jaewook Email Address jwjkwon at gmail.com URN etd-090606-112948 Title Evaluation of FDS V.4: Upward Flame Spread Degree ME Department Fire Protection Engineering Advisors Nicholas A. Dembsey, Advisor Christopher W. Lautenberger, Co-Advisor Kathy A. Notarianni, Department Head Keywords Fire Spread FDS PMMA Date of Presentation/Defense 2006-09-06 Availability unrestricted
NIST's Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) is a powerful tool for simulating the gas phase fire environment of scenarios involving realistic geometries. If the fire engineer is interested in simulating fire spread processes, FDS provides possible tools involving simulation of the decomposition of the condensed phase: gas burners and simplified pyrolysis models. Continuing to develop understanding of the capability and proper use of FDS related to fire spread will provide the practicing fire engineer with valuable information. In this work three simulations are conducted to evaluate FDS V.4's capabilities for predicting upward flame spread. The FDS predictions are compared with empirical correlations and experimental data for upward flame spread on a 5 m PMMA panel. A simplified flame spread model is also applied to assess the FDS simulation results. Capabilities and limitations of FDS V.4 for upward flame spread predictions are addressed, and recommendations for improvements of FDS and practical use of FDS for fire spread are presented.
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