Worcester Polytechnic Institute Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection

Title page for ETD etd-092310-161419


Document Typethesis
Author NameWang, Yi
Email Address wangy314 at gmail.com
URNetd-092310-161419
TitleMRI-Compatible Pneumatic Actuation Control Algorithm Evaluation and Test System Development
DegreeMS
DepartmentMechanical Engineering
Advisors
  • Gregory Fischer, Advisor
  • John Sullivan, Committee Member
  • James Van de Ven, Committee Member
  • Cosme Furlong, Graduate Committee Rep
  • Keywords
  • MRI-compatible robot
  • pneumatic actuator
  • sliding mode control
  • MRI-compatible lock
  • Date of Presentation/Defense2010-09-17
    Availability unrestricted

    Abstract

    This thesis presents the development of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compatible pneumatic actuation test system regulated by piezoelectric valve for image guided robotic intervention. After comparing pneumatic, hydraulic and piezoelectric MRI-compatible actuation technologies, I present a piezoelectric valve regulated pneumatic actuation system consisted of PC, custom servo board driver, piezoelectric valves, sensors and pneumatic cylinder. This system was proposed to investigate the control schemes of a modular actuator, which provides fully MRI-compatible actuation; the initial goal is to control our MRI-compatible prostate biopsy robot, but the controller and system architecture are suited to a wide range of image guided surgical application. I present the mathematical modeling of the pressure regulating valve with time delay and the pneumatic cylinder. Three different sliding mode control (SMC) schemes are proposed to compare the system performance. Simulation results are presented to validate the control algorithm. Practical tests with parameters determined from simulation show that the system performance attained the goal. A novel MRI- compatible locking device for the pneumatic actuator was developed to provide safe lock function as the pneumatic actuator fully stopped.

    Files
  • wang.pdf

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