Document Type thesis Author Name Schaffer, Joseph F. URN etd-101299-170037 Title Verification and Adaptation of an Infiltration Model for Water at Various Isothermal Temperature Conditions Degree MS Department Civil & Environmental Engineering Advisors Dr. Frederick L. Hart, Department Head Dr. Cindy Sue-Shih Kao, Major Advisor Keywords capillarity soil infiltration soils isothermal temperatures Date of Presentation/Defense 1996-05-20 Availability unrestricted
A series of one dimensional horizontal infiltration experiments were performed to investigate the predictive capabilities of the Kao and Hunt model. By modifying pristine laboratory apparatus, a reasonable range of soil temperatures was achieved. Experiments were run at approximately 5°C, 20°C, and 35°C. Distilled water was used as an infiltrating liquid and silica powder was used as soil. The infiltrating liquid was dispensed into the column at zero pressure head. The results of the experiments show that the model is adaptable to a range of temperature conditions by modifying terms for the liquid effects of the model, viscosity and surface tension. Experimental data and model predictions differed by 30 percent at most. Although the change in the rate of infiltration across the range of temperatures is perceivable, it is small in comparison to the effects caused by heterogeneity encountered in nature.
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