Document Type thesis Author Name Pu, Di URN etd-102209-151349 Title Frequency Rendezvous and Physical Layer Network Coding for Distributed Wireless Networks Degree MS Department Electrical & Computer Engineering Advisors Alexander M. Wyglinski, Advisor Andrew G. Klein, Committee Member Weichao Wang, Committee Member Keywords frequency rendezvous dynamic spectrum access physical layer network coding distributed wireless networks Date of Presentation/Defense 2009-10-20 Availability unrestricted
In this thesis, a transmission frequency rendezvous approach for secondary users deployed in decentralized dynamic spectrum access networks is proposed. Frequency rendezvous is a critical step in bootstrapping a wireless network that does not possess centralized control. Current techniques for enabling frequency rendezvous in decentralized dynamic spectrum access networks either require pre-existing infrastructure or use one of several simplifying assumptions regarding the architecture, such as the use of regularly spaced frequency channels for communications. Our proposed approach is designed to be operated in a strictly decentralized wireless networking environment, where no centralized control is present and the spectrum does not possess pre-defined channels. In our proposed rendezvous algorithm, the most important step is pilot tone detection and receiver query. In order to realize a shortest search time for the target receiver, an efficient scanning rule should be employed. In this thesis, three scanning rules are proposed and evaluated, namely: frequency sequence scanning, pilot tone strength scanning, and cluster scanning. To validate our result, we test our scanning rules with actual paging band spectrum measurements.
Previous research on security of network coding focuses on the protection of data dissemination procedures and the detection of malicious activities such as pollusion attacks. The capabilities of network coding to detect other attacks has not been fully explored. In this thesis, a new mechanism based on physical layer network coding to detect wormhole attacks is proposed. When two signal sequences collide at the receiver, the difference between the two received sequences is determined by its distances to the senders. Therefore, by comparing the differences between the received sequences at two nodes, we can estimate the distance between them and detect those fake neighbor connections through wormholes. While the basic idea is clear, we design many schemes at both physical and network layers to turn the idea into a practical approach. Simulations using BPSK modulation at the physical layer show that the wireless nodes can effectively detect fake neighbor connections without the adoption of any special hardware on them.
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