Worcester Polytechnic Institute Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection

Title page for ETD etd-110599-160802

Document Typethesis
Author NameWright, Mark T.
Email Address mwright at haifire.com
TitleFlame Spread on Composite Materials for use in High Speed Craft
DepartmentFire Protection Engineering
  • Jonathan Barnett, Advisor
  • Nicholas Dembsey, Committee Member
  • David Lucht, Department Head
  • Jason Averill, Reader
  • Keywords
  • composite materials
  • flame height
  • flame spread
  • heat flux map
  • radiation network
  • IMO
  • computer model
  • ISO 9705
  • High-speed craft
  • Date of Presentation/Defense1999-08-30
    Availability unrestricted


    The use of advanced materials in the construction of high-speed craft is becoming more commonplace. However, there are certain requirements set in the High Speed Craft Code (published by IMO) that restrict the use of materials based on results from full scale room fire testing (ISO 9705). An obvious benefit would be gained by simulating the results of these full-scale tests using bench scale data from the Cone Calorimeter and LIFT apparatus.

    A flame-spread algorithm developed by Henri Mitler at the National Institute of Standards and Technology was selected for implementation into the zone fire model CFAST. This algorithm was modified from its original form, so that it could simulate flame spread on wall/ceiling lining materials for both sidewall and corner scenarios, including ISO 9705 as prescribed in the High Speed Craft Code. Changes to the algorithm included geometry of flame spread across the ceiling, flame height, radiation exchange, ignition burner heat flux maps, and multiple pyrolysis zones. The new flame spread algorithm was evaluated against room corner test data from four different marine composite materials tested per ISO 9705.

  • wright.pdf

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