Document Type thesis Author Name Lammi, Christopher James URN etd-120909-132833 Title The Effects of Processing Residual Stresses on the Fatigue Crack Growth Behavior of Structural Materials Degree MS Department Mechanical Engineering Advisors Diana Lados, Advisor Diran Apelian, Committee Member Richard Sisson, Committee Member Mark Richman, Graduate Committee Rep Gretar Tryggvason, Department Head Keywords fracture fatigue residual stress Date of Presentation/Defense 2009-11-24 Availability unrestricted
Residual stresses are a common and often undesired result of material processing, introduced through non-linear deformation and/or phase transformation of material under mechanical or thermo-mechanical loading. These macro stresses alter mechanical properties and the intrinsic fatigue crack growth characteristics of the material. Residual stress artifacts can introduce inconsistencies and significant errors when the true material behavior is needed for material development and optimization and for structural component design. The effects of quenching residual stresses on fatigue crack propagation behavior of various materials were investigated. In parallel, residual stresses similar in magnitude and distribution with the quenching residual stresses were generated using mechanical processes to decouple the effects of residual stresses from microstructural effects. Mechanical residual stress distributions predicted by 3D elastic-plastic finite element analysis showed good agreement with the stresses measured on fatigue crack growth testing specimens using fracture mechanics approaches. Crack propagation characteristics in fields with low and high residual stresses were studied using optical and scanning electron microscopy, and the effects of residual stress on crack path behavior were assessed. An original residual stress analytical correction to fatigue crack growth data was developed, compared to existing corrective methodologies, and validated using residual stress free data. Overall, the work provides tools to understand, control, and correct the effects of processing residual stresses on fatigue crack growth for accurate fatigue critical design and life predictions.
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