Courses

BB 125X. HUMAN BIOLOGY

BB 205X. ANIMAL BEHAVIOR

BB 290X. MICROBES TO MOLECULES: CROWD SOURCING NOVEL ANTIBIOTIC DISCOVERY

Using an authentic research project, students will gain skill in the process of scientific inquiry, including hypothesis generation and testing, and in common procedures of microbial culture and characterization. Students enrolled in the course will be part of a national student crowd sourcing initiative to identify novel antibiotics produced by soil bacteria in response to a decreasing supply of effective antibiotics and increased microbial resistance. Students will report their findings in a poster style format and will be able to see the results of other groups around the country as the course continues. Students may not receive credit for both BB 2901 and BB 290X. Recommended background: A familiarity with current topics in biotechnology or microbiology such as those introduced in BB 1035 and BB 2002, or equivalent.

BB 301X. SIMULATION IN BIOLOGY

In this course, students will use the graphical programming language StarLogo The Next Generation (SLTNG) to develop their own agent-based simulations of biological processes. Agents may be chosen to represent molecules, cells, or organisms. Examples might include such phenomena as population genetics, predator-prey dynamics, cell-cell communication, or enzyme-substrate interactions. Recommended background: completion of at least one 3000 or 4000 level biology or biochemistry course. No prior programming experience is required.

BB 1001. INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY

Cat. I This course is designed for students seeking a broad overview of biologic concepts, especially at the cell and organism level. It is conducted in an active style including the use of case studies, class discussion/participacion, and classroom polling systems. The major goal of this course is to help students become more informed citizens, skeptical when presented with data in the media, and knowledgeable enough to question and make informed decisions about scientific advances and science policy. It will primarily focus on current topics which may include stem cells, ethical uses of DNA, development of personalized medicine, generic engineering, antibiotic resistance. This course is intended for non-life-science majors. This will not fulfill a major distribution requirement for BBT majors. Recommended background: high school biology

BB 1002. ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY

Cat. I This course is designed for students seeking a broad overview of ecological systems and the effect of humans on the ecosystems. It provides an introduction to natural ecosystems, population growth, and the interaction between human populations and our environment. It is conducted in an active style including the use of case studies, class discussion/participation, and classroom polling systems. The major goal of this course is to help students become more informed environmental citizens, skeptical when presented with data in the media, and knowledgeable enough to question and make informed decisions about the environment. It will primarily focus on current topics but areas of discussion likely to be covered include ecosystems, populations, biodiversity, pollution, environmental economics and climate change. This course is intended for non-life-science majors. This will not fulfill a major distribution requirment for BBT majors. Recommended background: high school biology

BB 1025. HUMAN BIOLOGY

Cat. I This course presents students with an introduction to general concepts of human biology with particular focus on human structure and function. Concepts such as homeostasis, structure/function, and regulatory systems will be introduced. Discussion of current topics related to human health, such as personalized medicine and recent advances in cancer research and auto immune disease will be integrated throughout the course. This course is intended for BBT and other life science majors. Recommended background: a solid working knowledge of biological principles such as would be learned in a rigorous high school biology course.

BB 1035. INTRODUCTION TO BIOTECHNOLOGY

Cat. I Through lectures, discussion and project work, students will gain an understanding of the function of biological systems at the molecular and cellular level. This course will explore topics such as genes-to-proteins, cell cycle regulation, genomics, and cell signaling as foundational concepts in genetic and cellular engineering, synthetic biology, stem cell generation, regenerative and personalized medicine and the production of therapeutic biologics. Projects will be designed to facilitate students' understanding of the links between biological systems and biotechnology applications, including their impact on society. This course is intended for BBT and other life science majors. Recommended background: a solid working knowledge of biological principles.

BB 1045. BIODIVERSITY

Cat. I Through lectures, readings, and discussions this course will examine the breadth, patterns, mechanisms, and conservation of biodiversity. Case studies and peer-to-peer learning will be used to examine threats to regional and global biodiversity and assess management and engineering strategies for solutions to the biodiversity crisis. Students will investigate and interpret past and contemporary research to quantify, document, and track trends in biodiversity. This course will use problem sets and assignments to explore the natural, social, and economic tradeoffs associated with threats to and conservation of biodiversity. Students will develop an area of expertise and synthesize their comprehension of topics through project work (e.g. management plan, report, presentation, citizen science). Finally this course will provide a synthesis of the interdisciplinary nature of biodiversity conservation and how principles of conservation biology, landscape ecology, metapopulation biology, and biogeography can be applied to strategies aimed towards sustaining Earth's biota. This course is intended for BBT and other life science majors. Recommended background: a solid working knowledge of biological principles such as would be learned in a rigorous high school biology course.

BB 2002. MICROBIOLOGY

Cat. I This course will introduce the basic principles of microbiology. It will focus on molecular mechanisms of pathogenesis of a wide range of infectious diseases and host-pathogen interactions including a survey of human immunobiology. Students will gain an understanding of microbes that are of medical relevance including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoans, enabling them to make informed decisions about appropriate medical interventions. Students will be able to evaluate how their day-to-day choices impact public health as well as alter microbial communities. This interactive course is designed for all biology and biochemistry majors as well as other students who seek a good general education in modern biology. Recommended background: BB 1035 (Intro to Biotech), BB 2950 (Molecular Biology), BB2550 (Cell Biology) or equivalent

BB 2003. FUNDAMENTALS OF MICROBIOLOGY

BB 2030. PLANT DIVERSITY

Cat. I This course focuses on general concepts as they relate to the vast array of plant species and their taxonomic links. Current uses of major plant phyla in both society and the biotechnology industry will be explored. Some emphasis will be given to economically important species chosen from agronomic and non-agronomic situations. Recommended background: BB 1045 (Biodiversity) or equivalent Students may not receive credit for both BB 2030 and BB 1040 (no longer offered).

BB 2040. PRINCIPLES OF ECOLOGY

Cat. I This course is intended to help students understand ecological concepts at different levels of integration, from individuals to ecosystems, and the linkages among them. Students will also practice the application of qualitative and quantitative models to ecological systems and processes, as well as hypothesis generation, experimental design, and analysis and interpretation of data. In a format that includes team-based case studies, discussion and presentations, and ecological simulations, students will explore topics in both basic and applied ecology, which may include population ecology, host-parasite ecology and epidemiology, climate change, and sustainable agriculture, among others. Recommended background: BB 1045 (Biodiversity) and MA 1021 and 1022 (Calculus I and II) or equivalent

BB 2050. ANIMAL BEHAVIOR

Cat. I This course will provide an introduction to the scientific study of animal behavior. A combination of lecture, reading, and video will be used to illustrate how proximate and ultimate forces interact to shape animal behavior in complex and fascinating ways. Behavioral phenomena in all members of the animal kingdom will be discussed and analyzed from ecological, evolutionary, cognitive, and neurobiological perspectives to highlight how the use of an integrative approach has greatly accelerated our ability to solve complex behavioral problems. Primary scientific literature will be used to outline experimental tools and techniques used to investigate behavior in different contexts, including communication, foraging, navigation, mate choice, predation, and social behavior.

BB 2550. CELL BIOLOGY

Cat. I The goal of this course is to help students to develop a working understanding of the unifying concepts that define cell structure and function including replication, metabolism, regulation, communication and death. Applications in therapeutics, molecular medicine, and genetic engineering will be introduced. Classic and current research examples will provide practice in hypothesis generation and testing as well as making clear the importance of a working knowledge of cell biology to support advances in biotechnology and medicine. The course serves as the foundation of all fields of modern biology, and is recommended for all BBT and other life science majors. Recommended background: BB 1035 (Biotechnology) or equivalent

BB 2901. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, MICROBIOLOGY, AND GENETICS

Cat. I (1/6 unit) The lab exercises in this course are designed to provide foundation skills needed for the study of living organisms and systems at the both the organismal and molecular scales. Students will gain experience with procedures, equipment, techniques and skills common to all areas of biology. In particular this course will focus on: The use and identification of bacteria in the laboratory Handling- Restriction digestion- and visualization- of DNA Plasmid purification and cloning Examples of classic genetics Recommended background: BB 1035.

BB 2902. ENZYMES, PROTEINS, AND PURIFICATION

Cat. I (1/6 unit) The lab exercises in this course are designed to provide foundation skills needed for the study of living organisms and systems at both the organismal and molecular scales. Students will gain experience with procedures, equipment, techniques and skills common to all areas of biology. In particular this course will focus on: The action and optima of enzyme action Quantification and detection techniques for proteins Extraction and purification of protein from biological material. Recommended background: BB 1035.

BB 2903. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

Cat. I (1/6 unit) The lab exercises in this course are designed to provide foundation skills needed for the study of living organisms and systems at the both the organismal and molecular scales. Students will gain experience with procedures, equipment, techniques and skills common to all areas of biology. In particular this course will focus on: Comparative and general anatomy of several organisms Physiology and function of body systems , processes and organs. Recommended background: BB 1025.

BB 2904. ECOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT, AND ANIMAL BEHAVIOR

Cat. I (1/6 unit) The lab exercises in this course are designed to provide foundation skills needed for the study of living organisms and systems at the both the organismal and molecular scales. Students will gain experience with procedures, equipment, techniques and skills common to all areas of biology. In particular this course will focus on: Observing, recording, understanding, and analyzing animal behaviors Environmental and Ecological assessment and sampling Observations of population dynamics . Recommended background: BB 1045.

BB 2905. MICROBES TO MOLECULES

Using an authentic research project, students will gain skill in the process of scientific inquiry, including hypothesis generation and testing, and in common procedures of microbial culture and characterization. Students enrolled in the course will be part of a national student crowd sourcing initiative to identify novel antibiotics produced by soil bacteria in response to a decreasing supply of effective antibiotics and increased microbial resistance. Students will report their findings in a poster style format and will be able to see the results of other groups around the country as the course continues. Students may receive credit for only one of the courses BB2901, BB2905, or BB290X. Recommended background: A familiarity with current topics in biotechnology or microbiology such as those introduced in BB 1035 and BB 2002, or equivalent.

BB 2920. GENETICS

Cat. I This course presents the principles and experimental evidence leading to our understanding of the gene concept and the role of DNA as genetic material. Patterns of inheritance, the relationship between genotype and phenotype, and transmission, coding, and expression of genetic information are considered in a variety of organisms. A quantitative, problem-solving approach and the use of genetic analysis as a tool to study biological phenomena are emphasized throughout the course. The course is designed for all biology and pre-professional majors. Recommended background: BB 1035.

BB 2950. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

Cat. I Through a combination of lectures and in class discussion, students will learn and understand the essential concept of molecular biology, including the mechanisms by which information stored in nucleic acids is maintained and processed in living systems. An evolutionary framework will help illustrate how genomes are structured and how they change. Basic regulatory mechanisms of gene expression will be addressed, with emphasis in eukaryotic gene regulatory proteins. The concepts learned in this course will provide the foundation to continue exploring this rapidly expanding field. Recommended background: BB 1035 (Biotechnology) or equivalent

BB 3003. MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY: PLAGUES OF THE MODERN WORLD

BB 3010. SIMULATION IN BIOLOGY

Cat. II Computer simulations are becoming increasingly important in understanding and predicting the behavior of a wide variety of biological systems, ranging from metastasis of cancer cells, to spread of disease in an epidemic, to management of natural resources such as fisheries and forests. In this course, students will learn to use a graphical programming language to simulate biological systems. Most of the classroom time will be spent working individually or in groups, first learning the language, and then programming simulation projects. We will also discuss several papers on biological simulations from the primary scientific literature. In constructing and comparing their simulations, students will demonstrate for themselves how relatively simple behavioral rules followed by individual molecules, cells, or organisms can result in complex system behaviors. Recommended background: Students taking this course must have a solid background in a biological area they would like to simulate, at about the depth provided by a BB 3000 level class. No programming experience is assumed.

BB 3040. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN AND DATA ANALYSIS

Cat. II This applied course introduces students to the design of experiments and analysis of data. A combination of lecture, reading and discussion will be used to cover a variety of experimental situations occurring frequently in modern biology, including testing the fit of data to theoretical distributions, comparisons of groups, and regression analysis. Emphasis will be placed on the formulation of hypotheses, the design of experiments to test a formulated hypothesis, and the selection of appropriated statistical tests to perform. Readings from primary scientific literature will be used to illustrate the importance of experimental control as well as some of the most common errors made in choosing and performing statistical tests. Students will learn to use computer packages to carry out both parametric and non-parametric tests on their own experimental data. Recommended background: knowledge of statistics topics equivalent to those in MA 2610 or 2611, and any BB 3000 or 4000 level course or equivalent. This course will be offered in 2014-15 and alternating years thereafter.

BB 3055. MICROBIAL PHYSIOLOGY

Cat. I This course will focus on the metabolic (enzymatic) pathways by which microorganisms obtain, process, and store substances and energy used for synthesis; and on the synthetic pathways by which these substances and energy are utilized. The occurrence of biological reactions in the light of the particular organism and its environment will be emphasized, as will those organisms and metabolic schemes of current or potential usefulness in bioprocess technology. Recommended background: BB 2002, BB 2550. Students who have taken BB 4050 for credit will not receive credit for BB 3055.

BB 3080. NEUROBIOLOGY

Cat. I The nervous system underlies every aspect of our behavior, including sensation, movement, emotion, and cognition. In this course, students will develop an understanding of neurobiology at several levels, from the physiology of individual neurons, through the functioning of neural circuits, and finally to the behavior of neural systems such as vision, motion, and memory. The class will be The class will be based on lectures accompanied by in-class activities, and will include weekly discussion of a paper from the scientific literature. The class will focus each year on a guiding theme, such as a particular neurotransmitter system, and will emphasize research on human neurological problems, such as schizophrenia, addiction, Alzheimer?s disease, and autism. Recommended background: BB2550 (Cell Biology), and either BB2920 (Genetics) or BB2950 Molecular Biology) or equivalent Suggested additional background: BB 3101 (Anatomy & Physiology: Movement and Communication) or equivalent

BB 3101. HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY: MOVEMENT AND COMMUNICATION

Cat. I The form and function of the systems that are responsible for the support, movement, internal communication, and interaction of the human body with its environment will be presented and discussed: Integumentary, Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous (including the senses), and Endocrine. Recommended background: BB 1025 and BB 2550. Suggested background: Concurrent Laboratory Module: BB 3511. Students who have received credit for BB 2130 may not take BB 3101 for credit.

BB 3102. HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY: TRANSPORT AND MAINTENANCE

Cat. I The form and function of the systems of the human body that provide for the intake, distribution, and processing of nutrients, water, and oxygen, and the systems that safeguard health by elimination of wastes, regulation of metabolism, and surveillance against disease will be presented and discussed. Digestive, Respiratory, Circulatory, Lymphatic, Endocrine, Urinary, and Reproductive. Recommended Background: BB 1025 and BB 2550; CH 1010 and CH 1020. Suggested background: Concurrent Laboratory Module: BB 3514. Students who have received credit for BB 3110 may not take BB 3102 for credit.

BB 3120. PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND CELL CULTURE

Cat. II This course explores the remarkable physiology of plants and emphasizes their importance in past and future life on earth. Conserved and unique aspects of plant cellular physiology will provide the foundation to understand the challenges of life on land and multicellularity. Topics such as water relations, mineral nutrition, intra- and inter-cellular transport, photosynthesis, and light responses will be discussed. Examples from the recent literature will be used to illustrate some of the key existing problems in plant physiology. Recommended background: BB 1045 (Biodiversity), BB 2550 (Cell Biology) , CH 1020 (Forces and Bonding) or equivalent This course will be offered in 2014-15 and alternating years thereafter.

BB 3140. EVOLUTION: PATTERN AND PROCESS

Cat. II In this course, students will explore the foundations of micro- and macro-evolutionary theory and will learn to apply these fundamental evolutionary principles through critical analysis of the primary scientific literature. In a course format that emphasizes team-based case studies, discussion of recent and classic papers, and computer simulation of evolutionary processes, students will explore the evolutionary foundations of a wide range of biological disciplines, and will gain experience in critical evaluation of approaches, arguments, and points of view in the field. Topics may include the history of life on Earth; biogeography and the origins of biodiversity; host-pathogen coevolution; and genomic and molecular evolution, among others. Recommended background: BB2040 (Principles of Ecology), BB2920 (Genetics), MA 1021-1022 (Calculus I and II) or equivalent. This course will be offered in 2015-16 and alternating years thereafter.

BB 3511. NERVE AND MUSCLE PHYSIOLOGY

Cat. I (1/6 unit) Computer and laboratory studies of nerve and muscle function. Recommended background: BB 2903. Concurrent or prior registration in BB 3101 is recommended.

BB 3512. MOLECULAR GENETICS LAB

Cat. I (1/6 unit) The topic of gene therapy will be used to familiarize the student with computer cloning and manipulations of biological sequence information. Recommended background: BB 2920, BB 2550 and CH 4130.

BB 3513. CELL CULTURE TECHNIQUES FOR ANIMAL CELLS

Cat. I (1/6 unit) Basic laboratory skills in mammalian cell culture to include cell counting, freezing and thawing cell lines, culture of suspension and attached cells. Recommended background: BB 2901, BB 2550 and knowledge of aseptic techniques. Concurrent or prior registration in BB 4008 is recommended.

BB 3514. CIRCULATORY AND RESPIRATORY PHYSIOLOGY

Cat. I (1/6 unit) Computer and laboratory studies of circulatory and respiratory physiology. Recommended background: BB 2903. Concurrent or prior registration in BB 3102 is recommended.

BB 3516. SEPARATION TECHNIQUES IN BIOTECHNOLOGY

Cat. I (1/6 unit) A laboratory course in chromatographic and electrophoretic separation of proteins; plasmid isolation, restriction digestion and electrophoretic separation of DNA. Recommended background: BB 2902. Concurrent or prior registration in Biochemistry (CH 4110) is recommended.

BB 3517. FERMENTATION

Cat. I (1/6 unit) An introductory laboratory course in basic fermentation techniques. Recommended background: BB 2901, BB 2002, and knowledge of aseptic techniques. Concurrent or prior registration in BB 3055 is suggested.

BB 3518. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

Cat. I (1/6 unit) Laboratory investigations of select molecular characteristics of proteins and DNA. Recommended background: BB 2901, BB 2550, and CH 4110. Concurrent, or prior registration in CH 4130 is recommended.

BB 3519. PROTEIN PURIFICATION

Cat. I (1/6 unit) A laboratory course in protein purification techniques. Recommended background: BB 2902, CH 4110.

BB 3520. RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY

Cat. I (1/6 unit) A laboratory course in the construction, isolation and mapping of recombinants, and use of the polymerase chain reaction. Recommended background: BB 2901, BB 2550, and CH 4110. Concurrent or prior registration in BB 4955 is recommended.

BB 3521. MICROSCOPY

Cat. I (1/6 unit) A laboratory course in the theory and operation of light and electron microscopes, including specimen preparation, operation of equipment, and microphotography. Recommended background: BB 2901 and BB 2550.

BB 3522. TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY

Cat. I (1/6 unit) This laboratory module will provide the student with the basic theory and practice of transmission electron microscopy. The course will include sample handling and preparation methods, use of the TEM, and photographic recording of observations made with the instrument. Recommended background: BB 2550 and BB 2901 or BB 2903.

BB 3524. BIOINFORMATICS LAB

Cat. I (1/6 unit) Laboratory course investigating some of the basic tools currently available for sequence date mining, comparison of nucleotide and/or protein sequences, and the analysis of nucleotide and protein sequences. Course will be computer based. Recommended background: BB 2920, BB 2901, and CH 4110. Concurrent or prior registration in CH 4130 is recommended. Students who have received credit for BB 324X may not receive credit for BB 3524.

BB 3525. PLANT PHYSIOLOGY

Cat. I (1/6 unit) Basic studies in the biochemical and physical systems plants use to sustain life; includes an introduction to plant cell culture techniques. Recommended background: BB 1045 and BB 2903. Concurrent or prior registration in BB 3120 is recommended. Students who have received credit for BB 325X may not receive credit for BB 3525.

BB 3620. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY

Cat. II Through lecture, reading, and discussion, this course will help students understand how developmental biologists study the development of a fertilized egg into a multi-cellular animal. Beginning with the description of developmental events, the major problems of developmental biology such as determination of cell fate, differentiation, and pattern formation will be explored. Emphasis will be placed on techniques such as analysis of mutations, molecular genetics, gene transfer, and the use of model organisms. Societal implications of the ability to control the outcome of development will be discussed. Recommended background: BB 2002 (Microbiology), BB 2550 (Cell Biology), BB 2920 (Genetics) or equivalent This course will be offered in 2015-16 and alternating years thereafter.

BB 3920. IMMUNOLOGY

Cat. I Through lecture, reading, and discussion, this course will help students understand the origin of immune cells in bone marrow development, the distinction between innate and adaptive immunity, and the function of the immune system in health and disease. The mechanisms responsible for the exquisite specificity of the adaptive immune system will be described. Throughout the course, the probable paths of evolution of the immune system will be stressed. As examples of major genetic diseases of immunity, case studies will be discussed on a weekly basis. Recommended background: BB 2550 (Cell biology), BB 2920 (Genetics), CH 4110 and 4120 (Biochemistry I and II) or equivalents.

BB 4008. CELL CULTURE THEORY AND APPLICATIONS

Cat. I Using readings from the literature, students will gain insight into the current uses of cultured cells in basic research and commercial production. Class discussion will explore the benefits and limitations of cells as model systems. Class size will be limited to allow a robust exchange of ideas and information among the participants. Recommended background: A working knowledge of cell biology, genetics, basic biochemistry (BB 2550, 2920, CH 4110 and 4120 or equivalents)

BB 4010. ADVANCED MOLECULAR GENETICS

Cat. I Emphasis will be on learning the newer trends in molecular genetics and their applications in biology and medicine using a variety of model systems. Students will gain an understanding of the similarities and differences in the mechanisms of transcription and translation in prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems. Principles and technologies of ?omic?level? approaches, such as genomics and proteomics, and how they are transforming our understanding of biological processes and human diseases will be discussed. Recommended background: BB 2002(Microbiology), BB 2550 (Cell Biology) and BB 2920 (Genetics) and BB 2950 (Molecular Biology) or equivalents

BB 4065. VIROLOGY

Cat. I Through lectures and discussions of current and landmark scientific research articles, this advanced-level course will help elucidate the concepts related to viral structure, function, and evolution. The course will especially focus on data analysis and critique, covering topics in pathological mechanisms of various human disorders, especially emerging diseases. Applications and implications of the use of viruses in research will be introduced and discussed. Recommended background: BB 2550 (Cell Biology) or equivalent

BB 4150. ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE: PROBLEMS & APPROACHES

Cat. II In this course, students will examine what is known about ecological responses to both natural and human-mediated environmental changes, and explore sustainable approaches for solving complex ecological problems. In this seminar-format course, centered on case studies, discussions, and presentations, students will work to develop skills in critical analysis of information from both scientific and popular sources, and will gain extensive practice in oral and written communication. Areas of focus may include, and are not limited to, conservation genetics, ecological responses to global climate change, sustainable use of ecosystem services, and the environmental impacts of agricultural biotechnology. Recommended background: BB1045 (Biodiversity), BB2040 (Principles of Ecology), ENV1100 (Intro to Environmental Studies) or equivalent. This course will be offered in 2014-15 and alternating years thereafter.

BB 4190. REGULATION OF GENE EXPRESSION

Cat. I Through lectures, problem sets, reading and discussion, and presentations this course will help elucidate for students the processes that allow regulated gene expression, mechanisms used in each type of regulation, and methods and techniques used for investigation of regulatory mechanisms. Readings from the current original research literature will explore the growing use of model systems and ?omics? level approaches to enhance our ever expanding understanding of the gene regulatory mechanisms. The development of cell based therapeutics and genetic engineering as they relate to gene regulation will be introduced. Recommended background Topics in Biochemistry I, II and III (CH 4110, 4120, 4130) and Advanced Molecular Genetics (BB 4010) or the equivalents.

BB 4550. ADVANCED CELL BIOLOGY

Cat. I Through lectures and discussions of current and landmark scientific research articles, this advanced-level course will help elucidate for the students concepts related to the molecular biology of cell function. The course will especially focus on data analysis and critique, covering topics in molecular medicine, biological mechanisms of autoimmune disorders, stem cells, gene therapy, neurotrophic factors, and Alzheimer's disease. Recommended background BB 2550 (Cell Biology) or equivalent

BB 4801. BIOINFORMATICS

Cat. II In an age when the amount of new biological data generated each year is exploding, every biologist should feel comfortable using bioinformatics tools to explore biological questions. This class will provide an understanding of how we organize, catalog, analyze, and compare biological data across whole genomes, covering a broad selection of important databases and techniques. Students will acquire a working knowledge of bioinformatics applications through hands-on use of software to ask and answer biological questions in such areas as genetic sequence and protein structure comparisons, phylogenetic tree analysis, and gene expression and biological pathway analysis. Recommended background: BB2920 (Genetics), BB2950 (Molecular Biology), and MA 2610 or 2611 (Statistics) or equivalent. This course will be offered in 2014-15, and in alternating years thereafter.

 
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