This is a seminar-based course intended for First Year students seeking to understand the breadth of activities and technologies that comprise the Architectural Engineering discipline. The course studies the design of buildings through the historical evolution of construction technology over the last 25 centuries. It reviews the impact of technological advances on building design with a focus on the ways that these technologies have introduced specializations within the discipline. The class meets once a week during the spring semester (C & D terms).
The course introduces the fundamentals of sound, its sources and propagation. The subjective and objective scales of measurement and laws of psychophysics are covered. The relationship between sound and listener in different settings, outdoor, indoor and adjacent rooms, is explored. These settings provide comprehensive coverage of the principles relevant to architectural and building acoustics. The course addresses the design of acoustic spaces, such as conference rooms, classrooms, lecture halls, music halls, theaters, and churches. It covers the selection and determination of appropriate spatial and temporal acoustic measures, such as background noise levels, reverberation time and speech transmission index. The second part of the course focuses on noise control at high and low frequency; effects of noise and vibration on humans and buildings; design of noise control systems; calculation of airborne and impact sound insulation and noise and vibration control applications to enclosed spaces, such as residential units, offices, schools and mechanical rooms. This course can be used to satisfy the distribution requirement in Building Mechanical Systems for an Architectural Engineering major. Recommended background: No special background required
Cat. I The objective of this course is to introduce the functional parts and systems that make up a building as well as their interactions in delivering required sustainable performance. It encompasses foundations, structures, building enclosures, heating and air conditioning, electrical, plumbing and fire safety systems as well as concepts of building performance and aspects of pertinent building codes and standards. This course, in addition, incorporates basic principles of building science and green construction. This course will be offered in 2012-13.
The principles of electrical system design in buildings are introduced in this course. Starting with an overview of electrical fundamentals and related laws, it covers circuit design, power distribution and service equipment, communication systems and special electrical systems that meet the requirements of the national electric code as well as building occupants. Other topics include single-phase and three-phase circuits, electrical and lighting loads, panel-board design, switching, system sizing, grounding, fault calculations, and over-current protection. The design criteria and calculation procedures for developing simple layouts of building electrical systems are illustrated. Work includes study of applicable NFPA 70 (NEC) and related building codes. Recommended background: electricity and magnetism (PH 1120/1121 or equivalent)
Cat. I With this course, students develop an understanding of the architectural design process and the graphic means for communicating and exchanging design content during the execution of a building project. The course covers the following topics: Nature of design (problems, solutions and process), building siting and orientation aimed at reducing energy requirements, architectural drawings (plans, elevations and cross sections), isometric projections and detail drawings. Most of these topics build upon the systematic use of electronic modeling software. This course is lab oriented. Recommended background: AREN 2023. This course will be offered in 2012-13.
Cat. I This course is a continuation of AREN 3001, and is designed to further the student?s knowledge in the process of architectural design through the studies of ideas, principles and methods of design. The concepts are explored with the completion of a project, including a residential or a commercial project, which at its completion, will be reviewed by invited guest critics. The course emphasizes the development of form, space, spatial relationships, materials, and architectural presentation techniques through the use of computer graphics. It introduces principles of passive approaches to reduce energy consumption. It also covers building codes in the design process. Recommended background: AREN 3001. This course will be offered in 2013-14.
Cat. I The course introduces principles and applications of mechanical systems that are required for environmental comfort, health, and safety of building occupants with a focus on energy efficiency and conservation. Topics include psychometrics, thermal comfort, building heating and cooling loads, fluid flow basics, HVAC components and systems, building envelop heat transfer, and energy requirements. In the course, students develop the ability to design and conduct computational modelling experiments and to analyze and interpret output data for selection between system alternatives in order to optimize energy use. Recommended background: Thermodynamics. This course will be offered in 2012-13.
Cat. I Introduction to the energy efficiency analysis and design of electrical and illumination systems in buildings. Topics include AC, DC, single-phase and three-phase circuits, transients, electrical and lighting loads, branch circuits, panel-boards, switching, system sizing, grounding, fault calculations, over-current protection, and design and specification of emergency power backup and alternative power systems. Provides general introduction to the visual environment, including subjective and objective scales of measurement, visual perception, photometry, brightness, luminance, illumination, natural and artificial lighting. Design problems, field measurements, computer, and other models will be used to explore major topics and energy savings options. Work includes study of applicable NFPA 70 (NEC) and related building codes. Recommended background: ECE 2010.
This course focuses on the design of illumination systems in buildings. It provides a general introduction to the visual environment, including subjective and objective scales of measurement, visual perception, photometry, brightness, luminance, illumination, natural and artificial lighting. Other topics include photometric units, light sources, daylight luminaries, lighting quality, light loss factors, average luminance calculations (lumen method), point-by-point calculations, performance impacts, and ethics. Field measurements and computer simulations are used to explore some major aspects of architectural illumination systems. Design problems are solved by considering economic evaluation, energy saving criteria and applicable standards and building codes. Recommended background: electrical systems (AREN 2025 or equivalent)
Cat. I Analysis of heating and cooling load requirements, considering building construction type, geometry, infiltration, occupancy effects, and daily load variations. Heating design addresses water heating systems, electrical heating, central heating, heating of low and high-rise buildings, selection of heaters, boilers, pumps, piping design. Cooling design addresses refrigerants, refrigeration cycle, evaporator, compressor, condenser, thermostatic expansion valves, refrigeration system control equipment, motor and motor control equipment, refrigeration accessories, calculation of refrigeration piping and absorption systems. Computer applications for heating and cooling load analysis will be introduced to develop energy saving solutions. Analytical techniques and building codes are discussed through case studies and design projects. Recommended background: AREN 3003, ES 3004. This course will be offered in 2013-14.
The course introduces the principles of building physics, as they are applied to various building design situations and performance requirements. Covered topics include heat transfer, moisture control, condensation, cold bridging, external and internal gains, and air flows, as they pertain to building envelopes (external walls, windows and doors, and roofs) and the requirements of environmental comfort of space occupants. Design exercises take into account pertinent building and energy codes as well as comfort standards. The course gives students the tools to integrate engineering science fundamentals and physics principles in developing building design solutions. Thermal measurements in building components are performed. Recommended background: thermodynamics and heat transfer (ES 3001, ES 3003 or equivalent).
The course addresses the basic principles of building energy simulation, with a focus on the practical applications of building energy simulation tools to building design. Topics being covered include various model input parameters such as building geometry, orientation, climate, comfort, zoning, material properties, operation schedules, and HVAC systems. Building energy simulation software packages are illustrated and applied to the analysis of various case studies of buildings. Simulation output results are critically analyzed and compared to the results obtained from other building energy calculation methods. Recommended background: building physics (AREN 3024 or equivalent)
The course presents the basic principles of building envelope design, focusing primarily on its functional performance requirements and practical constructability aspects. Various building envelope systems are discussed and analyzed through case studies. Lecture topics include facade and roofing systems made of masonry, stone, concrete, timber, glass, and various metals. In addition, more complex building envelope strategies such as double skin facades, passive solar design, and building automation approaches, are discussed. The course includes design exercises and a case study project. Recommended background: architectural engineering systems and architectural drafting (AREN 2023, AREN 3001 or equivalent)