Glossary of Terms
Abuse: As defined in the General Laws of Massachusetts, abuse is the occurrence of one or more of the following acts between family or household members:
- Attempting to cause or causing physical harm;
- Placing another in fear of imminent serious physical harm (applies to threats and to situations where the abuser has assaulted the victim but no battery has occurred. The protections of this law are extended to individuals who are or were involved in what is termed by statute as "a substantive dating or engagement relationship.");
- Causing another to engage involuntarily in sexual relations by force, threat or duress.
Aiding or abetting: To aid, facilitate, or assist in the performance of an act, or to incite such an act. Assault: A violent attack of any sort; attempt or threat to do bodily violence to another; to attack violently.
Assault and battery: The intentional and unjustified use of force upon the person of another, however slight, or the intentional doing of a wanton or grossly negligent act causing personal injury to another.
Bullying: The Commonwealth of Massachusetts defines "Bullying" as "the repeated use by one or more students of a written, verbal or electronic expression or a physical act or gesture or any combination thereof, directed at a victim that: (i) causes physical or emotional harm to the victim or damage to the victim's property; (ii) places the victim in reasonable fear of harm to himself or of damage to his property; (iii) creates a hostile environment at school for the victim; (iv) infringes on the rights of the victim at school; or (v) materially and substantially disrupts the education process or the orderly operation of a school. For the purposes of this section, bullying shall include cyber-bullying."
Cheating: Intentionally using or attempting to use unauthorized materials, information, or study aids in any academic exercise. (Pavella, 2009)
Consent: Agreement that may be expressed or implied. Acquiescence does not necessarily constitute consent. Further, consent cannot be construed if a) it is given by a person who is legally incompetent to authorize the conduct charged to constitute the offense and such incompetence is manifest or known to the actor; or b) it is given by a person who by reason of youth, mental disease or defect, intoxication or drug use or physical helplessness, is unable to make a reasonable judgment as to the nature or harmfulness of the conduct charged to constitute the offense; or c) it is induced by force, duress, or deception.
Fabrication: Intentional and unauthorized falsification or invention of any information or citation in an academic exercise. (Pavella, 2009)
Facilitation: Intentionally or knowingly helping or attempting to help another to violate any provision of this code. (Pavella, 2009)
Harassment: Harassment is defined as any unwanted physical, verbal, or written (including electronic) conduct, on or off campus, that has the intent or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual's or group's educational work performance at WPI or that creates an intimidating, hostile or offensive educational, work or living environment; or contacting a person after sanction prohibiting contact has been issued, either personally or through a third party.
Incumbent: The holder of any office.
Plagiarism: Intentionally or knowingly representing the words or ideas of another as one's own in any academic exercise. (Pavella, 2009)
Possession of stolen property: To have in one's possession or control, stolen items. Renders one liable to judgment: Indicates accountability to the appropriate WPI judicial body to determine responsibility and appropriate sanctions.
Sexual Misconduct: Sexual contact without consent and includes intentional touching, either of the victim or when the victim is forced to touch, directly or through clothing, another person's genitals, breasts, thighs, anus or buttocks; rape (sexual intercourse without consent, whether by an acquaintance or a stranger); attempted rape; sodomy (oral sex or anal intercourse) without consent; attempted forcible sodomy, rape, or fondling without consent; or sexual penetration with an object without consent.
Stalking: In the General Laws of Massachusetts, Chapter 265, section 43, any person who willfully, maliciously and repeatedly follows or harasses another person and would cause a reasonable person to suffer emotional distress or who makes a threat with the intent of placing that person in imminent fear of death or serious body injury.
Theft: The act of stealing; larceny.
Threat: An indication or source of impending danger; declaration of an intention to harm, injure, etc.
Unauthorized attendance: Not having the right to be present.
Unauthorized entrance: Not having the right to enter.
Unauthorized use: Not having the right to use.