History of the Internet and Internet2

Circa 1969 The Department of Defense creates ARPAnet, the Advanced Research Projects Agency network. It connected four sites including the Stanford Research Institute, two University of California campuses at UCLA and UCSB, and the University of Utah.
1983 TCP/IP becomes the standard protocol. The military needed research partners so the government granted university access to ARPAnet. The standard protocol enabled dissimilar and regional IP networks to connect, and the ARPAnet became known as the Internet.
mid-1980s The National Science Foundation (NSF) began developing a high-speed backbone between its supercomputer centers. In 1987, non-commercial traffic passed the NSFnet, with schools and research organizations being the largest users. The NSF-sponsored very-high-performance Backbone Network Service became known as vBNS.
1995 The Internet was privatized with MCI WorldCom holding a 5-year vBNS contract. Hyperlinks and Mosaic spur growth.
1995-1996 Higher education sees the commodity traffic highlighting some of the problems of the Internet. Internet2 is formed to provide priority status and responsiveness to higher education and research organizations. Internet2 members dub the Internet, "the commodity Internet".
October 1996 Internet2 Project was formed. This is its evolution.


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Last modified: Oct 10, 2012, 16:21 EDT
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