BME 361X. TRANSPORT ANALYSIS IN BIOENGINEERING
This course provides an overview of the modeling and analysis of fluid and mass transport processes related to the field of Biomedical Engineering. Fundamentals and applications of hydrostatics, conservation of mass and momentum in modeling and analysis of biological fluid transport processes in the human body are discussed. It includes modeling and analysis of blood and biological fluid flow through blood vessels, capillary beds and bioprocess equipment. Modeling and analysis of diffusive and convective mass transport in biological conduits and membranes, selective permeability and nutrient/waste exchange in parenchymal tissues with transport barriers unique to biological systems such as intact and fenestrated endothelium. Basic concepts of pharmacokinetics such as plasma clearance, volume of distribution of drugs and other biological solutes in body tissues are also covered. Surface adsorption and membrane permeability concepts are covered in the context of ligand-receptor interaction kinetics and passive and active transport, respectively. Recommended background: Basic knowledge of differential and integral calculus (e.g., MA 2051 or equivalent), fundamental knowledge of biological system function or cell function (e.g., BB 1035 or BB 2550 or equivalent), fundamentals of data analysis and programming (e.g., BME 2211) and fundamentals of mathematical modeling techniques applied to biological systems (e.g., BME 2511 or BME 2811, or equivalent).
BME 450X. COMPUTATIONAL BIOMECHANICS
This course will focus on using computational modeling approaches, particularly, finite element models, to simulate, validate, and analyze the biomechanics involved in soft and hard tissue deformation and stress/strain analysis in quasi-static or impact conditions. First, students will be introduced to the process of setting specific analytical goals and establishing the need for a specific quantitative biomechanical model. Then, basic underlying principles of forward and inverse static/dynamics simulations are covered. Finally, multi-scale and multi-step models will be introduced. During the process, material models and property assignment will also be covered. Model building, testing, optimization and validation with experimental data will be discussed. An introduction to tools and techniques used in computational biomechanics will be provided. Recommended background: Basic knowledge of solid mechanics (e.g., ES 2501, ES 2502, ES 2503, ME 3501 or equivalent), differential and integral calculus (e.g., MA 2051 or equivalent).
BME 1001. INTRODUCTION TO BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING
This course uses lectures, demonstrations, projects and scientific literature readings on the major branches of biomedical engineering. A series of guest lectures, including device demonstrations introduce students to the many branches of biomedical engineering. Course work for BME 1001 is based on small, creative projects focusing on primary literature, department research, global health, and biomedical engineering as a whole
BME 1004. INTRODUCTION TO PROGRAMMING IN MATLAB
Cat. I This course will introduce basic and essential programming skills in modern engineering program language, Matlab, to all BME students. The course will include basic programming syntax, control structures, data structures (vectors, matrices, structures, cell arrays), 2D images, 3D image volumes, string manipulations, File I/O, figure plotting/visualization, image display, and basic graphical user interface (GUI) design. Recommended background: none. NOTE: The course does not count for engineering credits, but will fulfill the computer programming requirement for BME students.
BME 2210. BIOMEDICAL SIGNALS, INSTRUMENTS AND MEASUREMENTS
Cat I. This course is an introduction to the instrumentation methods used to measure, store and analyze the signals produced by biomedical phenomena. The goal of this course is to familiarize students with the basic design and implementation of techniques for measuring a broad scope of signal types for molecular, cellular and physiological research. Sensors used for acquiring electrical, magnetic, optical/spectral and chemical signals will be covered. Topics include the underlying physics and chemistry of biomedical signals, biosensor types and usage, amplification and signal conditioning, data acquisition methods, and sources of artifact and noise. Recommended background: PH 1120/21, CH 1010 or equivalent.
BME 2211. BIOMEDICAL DATA ANALYSIS
Cat I. To learn the fundamentals of basic signal processing methods as well as linear time series analyses framework for modeling and mining biological data. Tools of data analysis include statistics for determining significance of a result, Laplace and Z transforms, convolution, correlation, sampling theorem, Fourier transform, transfer function, coherence function and various filtering techniques. The goal of this course is to offer the students an opportunity to learn and model and simulate static and dynamic physiological systems using linear systems theory. First principles of chemistry and physics are used to quantitatively model physiological systems. Most of the models are based on linear systems theory. Simulations and estimation are performed using Matlab and already-developed software. Recommended background: BME 2210, CS 1004 or equivalent.
BME 2511. INTRODUCTION TO BIOMECHANICS AND BIOTRANSPORT
Cat. I This course is an introduction to the analysis of physiological systems using principles of biomechanics including statics, stress analysis, and transport phenomena. Basic theories of static equilibrium, stress analysis, momentum transport, mass transport and energy transport are presented and applied to cellular and mammalian physiology. Principles of biomechanics transport phenomena are also applied to the design of medical devices and bioengineered tissues. Topics include forces, moments, free body diagrams, principal stresses, viscoelasticity, differential and integral balances, rheology of Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids, diffusion in reacting systems and homogeneous vs. heterogeneous reaction systems. Recommended background: MA 2501, PH 1120 or PH 1121. Students who have previously received credit for BME 2504 or BME 2604 may not receive credit for BME 2511.
BME 2610. INTRODUCTION TO BIOPROCESS ENGINEERING
Cat. I This course is an introduction to fundamental material and energy balances related to the field of Biomedical Engineering. The fundamentals of bioprocess engineering calculations and data analysis, and bioengineering processes and process variables will be covered. Students will learn to identify a system, define boundary conditions, and characterize the system processes to generate appropriate material and energy balances using the principles of conservation of mass and energy. Fundamentals and applications in the human body and biomanufacturing are examined. Specific examples may include an organ, multiple organs or the entire body, bioprocess instrumentation, individual or groups of cells, cell culture bioreactors, tissue engineered scaffolds, and drug delivery systems. Recommended background: Basic knowledge of differential and integral calculus (e.g. MA 1021 and MA 1022 or equivalent), human biology (e.g., BB 1025 or equivalent), and chemistry (e.g. CH 1010 and CH1020 or equivalent).
BME 2811. INTRODUCTION TO BIOMATERIALS SCIENCE AND TISSUE ENGINEERING
Cat. I This course provides an introduction to the characterization, analysis and design of biomaterials for the purposes of correcting deformities, restoring lost function or promoting tissue regeneration in the human body. The principles of materials science, specifically the fundamental structure-function relationships of biomaterials will be explored, as they relate to the use of materials in the body. The course will also examine properties of biomaterials as they relate to minimizing corrosion, controlling degradation and tailoring cell-material interaction to guide cell growth and tissue regeneration. Topics include structural properties of materials, characterization of materials, tissue responses to implants and designing materials for tissue engineering. Recommended background: PH 1110, CH 1110, BB 2550, ES 2001 or equivalent.
BME 3012. BIOMEDICAL SENSORS LABORATORY
Cat. I (1/6 unit) This laboratory-based course is designed to develop hands-on experimental skills relevant to the selection and application of various sensors used to acquire biomedical signals. Recommended background: BME 2210, BME 2211, ECE 2010, ECE 2019 or equivalent. Students who have previously taken BME 3011 cannot receive credit for this course.
BME 3013. BIOMEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION LABORATORY
Cat. I (1/6 unit) This laboratory-based course is designed to develop hands-on experimental skills relevant to the design and application of analog instrumentation commonly used to acquire biomedical signals. Recommended background: BME 2210, BME 2211, ECE 2010, ECE 2019 or equivalent. Students who have previously taken BME 3011 cannot receive credit for this course.
BME 3014. SIGNAL PROCESSING LABORATORY
Cat. I (1/6 unit) This course is an introduction to the computational methods used to extract and analyze the signals produced by biomedical phenomena. The goal of this course is to familiarize the student with implementing the most common algorithmic approaches for data analysis used in biomedical engineering. Coursework will cover programming for topics such as peak detection, spectral analysis and the fast Fourier transform FFT method, auto-regression analysis, polynomial trend removal, and signal filtering methods. Recommended background: BME 2211, CS1004 or equivalent
BME 3111. PHYSIOLOGY AND ENGINEERING
Cat. I This course provides students with an understanding of mammalian physiology and the engineering aspects of different physiological systems. The course will have both a lecture and laboratory portion. The laboratory portion will provide the students with the ability to analyze and interpret data from living systems, which is a required ABET program criteria for student majoring in Biomedical Engineering. The course will focus on a number of organ systems that may include cardiovascular, respiratory, and renal. Engineering principles that include biomechanical, bioelectrical, and biofluids will be applied to physiological systems. Recommended background: A knowledge of biomechanics and biotransport (BME 2511), interactions of cells and biomaterials, (BME 2811), bioelectric foundations (BME 2210) and data acquisition and data analysis (BME 2211) or equivalent.
BME 3300. BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING DESIGN
Cat. I Students are guided through the open-ended, real-world, design process starting with the project definition, specification development, management, team interactions and communication, failure and safety criteria, progress reporting, marketing concepts, documentation and technical presentation of the final project outcome. The course will include a significant writing component, will make use of computers, and hands-on design explorations. Students who have previously received credit for BME 2300 may not receive credit for BME 3300.
BME 3503. SKELETAL BIOMECHANICS LABORATORY
Cat. I (1/6 unit) This laboratory course will help students increase their knowledge of the mechanics of the musculoskeletal system. Students will gain understanding of the course materials and technical skills through the combined hands-on application of state-of-the-art biomechanical testing equipment and computer simulation modules towards solving authentic problems involving balance, strength, and movement. Recommended background: Statics (ES 2501) and dynamics (ES 2503). Students who have previously taken BME 3504 cannot receive credit for this course.
BME 3505. SOLID BIOMECHANICS LABORATORY: TECHNIQUES
Cat. I (1/6 units) This laboratory-driven solid biomechanics course provides hands-on experience in characterizing the mechanical properties of biological tissues such as bone, tendons, ligaments, skin, and blood vessels and their synthetic analogs. Students gain an in-depth understanding of the course material by performing uniaxial tension and compression, bending, and torsion tests on hard and soft tissues using industry-standard testing equipment and completing mechanical and statistical analysis of the data. Recommended background: A solid knowledge of mechanics of materials (ES2502) and material science (ES 2001). Students who have previously received credit for BME3504 cannot receive credit for this course.
BME 3506. SOLID BIOMECHANICS LABORATORY: APPLICATIONS
Cat. I (1/6 units) This laboratory-driven solid biomechanics course provides hands-on experience in characterizing the mechanical properties of biological tissues such as bone, tendons, ligaments, skin, and blood vessels and their synthetic analogs, in the context of an authentic challenge. Students gain an in-depth understanding of the course material from personal observations, measurements, and analysis of biological tissues and synthetic replacement/fixation materials using industry-standard testing equipment. A challenge-based laboratory project will be assigned which will require the students to determine and execute effective test methods at their own pace in a team setting and communicate their findings effectively. Recommended background: Ability to independently perform tensile and bending tests using a uniaxial mechanical testing machine and to perform mechanical and statistical analysis of test data (BME3505). Students who have previously received credit for BME3504 cannot receive credit for this course.
BME 3605. BIOTRANSPORT LABORATORY
Cat. I (1/6 unit) This laboratory-driven transport course provides hands-on experience in measuring heat, flow, and transport in biologically-relevant systems. Students gain an in-depth understanding of the course material from personal observations and measurements on model cardiovascular systems and connective tissues. Challenge-based laboratory projects will be assigned which will require the students to determine and execute effective test methods at their own pace in a team setting and communicate their findings effectively. Systems modeled may include blood vessels, stenotic vessels, and aneurysms. Connective tissues tested may include blood vessels and skin. Recommended background: Heat transfer, fluid mechanics, and transport (BME 2511 and ES 3002, ES 3003, or ES 3004 or equivalent).
BME 3811. BIOMATERIALS LAB
Cat I (1/6 units) This laboratory-driven course provides hands-on experience in the design, fabrication and characterization of biomaterials for medical applications. Students will use synthetic and natural polymer materials to fabricate a scaffold for applications such as tissue engineering, wound healing or controlled drug delivery. A challenge-based laboratory project will be assigned which will require the students to design a biomaterial scaffold that meets specific design criteria, and quantitatively assess the properties of this scaffold to evaluate how well the criteria were met. Design criteria may include mechanical strength, biocompatibility, porosity, degradation rate, or release kinetics. Students will complete the project at their own pace in a team setting and communicate their findings effectively. Recommended background: Basic chemistry (CH 1010 and CH 1020) and a knowledge of material science (ES 2001) or equivalent.
BME 3813. CELLULAR ENGINEERING LAB
Cat. I (1/6 units) This laboratory-driven course provides hands-on experience in the application of bioengineering to control cellular processes. Students will be challenged to design an intervention to manipulate a specific cellular process (adhesion, proliferation, migration, differentiation) and use modern cellular and molecular biology tools to assess and refine their approach. Laboratory exercises will provide an overview of cell culture technique, microscopy and molecular probes, quantification of cell proliferation and migration, and assessment of cellular differentiation in the context of the assigned projects. Students will complete the project at their own pace in a team setting and communicate their findings effectively. Recommended background: Basic chemistry (CH 1010 and CH 1020) and a solid knowledge of cell biology (BB 2550) or equivalent.
BME 4011. BIOMEDICAL SIGNAL ANAYLSIS
Cat. II Introduction to biomedical signal processing and analysis. Fundamental techniques to analyze and process signals that originate from biological sources: ECGs, EMGs, EEGs, blood pressure signals, etc. Course integrates physiological knowledge with the information useful for physiologic investigation and medical diagnosis and processing. Biomedical signal characterization, time domain analysis techniques (transfer functions, convolution, auto- and cross-correlation), frequency domain (Fourier analysis), continuous and discrete signals, deterministic and stochastic signal analysis methods. Analog and digital filtering. Recommended background: ECE 2311, ECE 2312, or equivalent. This course will be offered in 2016-17 and in alternating years thereafter
BME 4023. BIOMEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION DESIGN
This course builds on the fundamental knowledge of instrumentation and sensors. Lectures cover the principles of designing, building and testing analog instruments to measure and process biomedical signals. The course is intended for students interested in the design and development of electronic bioinstrumentation. Emphasis is placed on developing the student?s ability to design a simple medical device to perform real-time physiological measurements. Recommended background: BME 3012, BME 3013, ECE 2010 and ECE 2019.
BME 4201. BIOMEDICAL IMAGING
This course is a practical introduction to biomedical image processing using examples from various branches of medical imaging. Topics include: point operations, filtering in the image and Fourier domains, image reconstruction in computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, and data analysis using image segmentation. Review of linear-systems theory and the relevant principles of physics. Course work uses examples from microscopy, computed tomography, X-ray radiography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Familiarity with a high-level programming language is recommended.
BME 4300. MQP CAPSTONE DESIGN
Cat. I (1/6 unit) This course guides students through the engineering design process during the first term of their MQP to aid them in fulfilling their capstone design requirement. The course focuses on developing a revised client statement based on the objectives, constraints, and functions of the design. Methods for concept generation, concept selection and development strategy will be covered. In addition, project planning tools, business plans, ethics, and design for manufacturability and sustainability will be covered. Recommended background: Principles of engineering design such as BME 3300 or equivalent. Course should be taken concurrently with the MQP. Students who have taken BME 430X cannot get credit for BME 4300. BME 4300 cannot be used to fulfill graduate degree requirements.
BME 4504. BIOMECHANICS
Cat. II This course emphasizes the applications of mechanics to describe the material properties of living tissues. It is concerned with the description and measurements of these properties as related to their physiological functions. Emphasis on the interrelationship between biomechanics and physiology in medicine, surgery, body injury and prostheses. Topics covered include: review of basic mechanics, stress, strain, constitutive equations and the field equations, viscoelastic behavior, and models of material behavior. The measurement and characterization of properties of tendons, skin, muscles and bone. Biomechanics as related to body injury and the design of prosthetic devices. Recommended background: mechanics (ES 2501, ES 2502, ES 2503, ME 3501), mathematics (MA 2051). This course will be offered in 2015-16, and in alternating years thereafter.
BME 4606. BIOFLUDIS
Cat. II This course emphasizes the applications of fluid mechanics to biological problems. The course concentrates primarily on the human circulatory and respiratory systems. Topics covered include: blood flow in the heart, arteries, veins and microcirculation and air flow in the lungs and airways. Mass transfer across the walls of these systems is also presented. Recommended background: continuum mechanics (ME 3501), fluids (ES 3004).
BME 4701. CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOENGINEERING
Cat. I This course examines the principles of molecular and cell biology applied to the design of engineered molecules, cells and tissues. Topics will include the basic structural, chemical and physical properties of biomolecules (proteins, lipids, DNA and RNA), application of biomolecules to monitor and alter cellular processes in vitro and in vivo, and design considerations for engineering cell and molecular therapeutics. Case studies will be used to examine specific applications of molecular and cellular bioengineering technologies to treat disease and promote tissue repair and regeneration. Recommended background: Cell biology (BB 2550). Additional coursework in molecular biology (BB 2950) and/or genetics (BB 2920) would be beneficial. Students who earned credit for BME 37XX cannot receive credit for BME 4701.
BME 4814. BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS
Cat. I This course discusses various aspects pertaining to the selection, processing, testing (in vitro and in vivo) and performance of biomedical materials. The biocompatibility and surgical applicability of metallic, polymeric and ceramic implants and prosthetic devices are discussed. The physico-chemical interactions between the implant material and the physiological environment will be described. The use of biomaterials in maxillofacial, orthopedic, dental, ophthalmic and neuromuscular applications is presented. Recommended background: BB 3101 or equivalent introduction to Human Anatomy, ES 2001 or equivalent introduction to materials science and engineering.
BME 4828. BIOMATERIAL - TISSUE INTERACTIONS
Cat. I This course examines the principles of materials science and cell biology underlying the design of medical devices, artificial organs, and scaffolds for tissue engineering. Molecular and cellular interactions with biomaterials are analyzed in terms of cellular processes such as matrix synthesis, degradation, and contraction. Principles of wound healing and tissue remodeling are used to study biological responses to implanted materials and devices. Case studies will be analyzed to compare tissue responses to intact, bioresorbable and bioerodible biomaterials. Additionally, this course will examine criteria for restoring physiological function of tissue and organs, and investigate strategies to design implants and prostheses based on control of biomaterial-tissue interactions. Recommended Background: BB 2550 or equivalent, ES 2001 or equivalent, PH 1110 or PH 1111.
BME 4831. DRUG DELIVERY
Cat. I The course will provide knowledge about drug delivery systems as part of regenerative medicine strategies. The course will familiarize students with different biomaterial-based drug delivery systems that have been recently developed as part of tissue engineering strategies. Course work will include reading recent journal publications, group projects and presentations. Recommended background: Biomaterials and tissue engineering (BME2811 or equivalent) and multivariable calculus (MA 1024 or equivalent).
BME 523. BIOMEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION
Origins and characteristics of bioelectric signals, recording electrodes, biopotential amplifiers, basic sensors, chemical, pressure, sound, and flow transducers, noninvasive monitoring techniques and electrical safety. (Prerequisites: Circuits and electronics, control engineering or equivalent.)
BME 531. BIOMATERIALS IN THE DESIGN OF MEDICAL DEVICES
Biomaterials are an integral part of medical devices, implants, controlled drug delivery systems, and tissue engineered constructs. Extensive research efforts have been expended on understanding how biologic systems interact with biomaterials. Meanwhile, controversy has revolved around biomaterials and their availability as a result of the backlash to the huge liability resulting from controversies related to material and processing shortcomings of medical devices. This course specifically addresses the unique role of biomaterials in medical device design and the use of emerging biomaterials technology in medical devices. The need to understand design requirements of medical devices based on safety and efficacy will be addressed. Unexpected device failure can occur if testing fails to account for synergistic interactions from chronic loading, aqueous environments, and biologic interactions. Testing methodologies are readily available to assess accelerated effects of loading in physiologic-like environments. This combined with subchronic effects of animal implants is a potential tool in assessing durability. It is difficult to predict the chronic effects of the total biologic environment. The ultimate determination of safety comes not only from following the details of regulations, but with an understanding of potential failure modes and designs that lowers the risk of these failures. This course will evaluate biomaterials and their properties as related to the design and reliability of medical devices.
BME 532. MEDICAL DEVICE REGULATION
This course provides an overview of regulations that guide the medical devices industry. Primary focus is on the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) and its associated regulations. The course covers the FD&C Act, including definitions, prohibited acts, penalties and general authority. The course also covers regulations, including establishment registration, premarket approval (PMA) and current good manufacturing practices. Requirements of other federal agencies (NRC, FCC, EPA) will also be discussed.
BME 550. TISSUE ENGINEERING
This biomaterials course focuses on the selection, processing, testing and performance of materials used in biomedical applications with special emphasis upon tissue engineering. Topics include material selection and processing, mechanisms and kinetics of material degradation, cell-material interactions and interfaces; effect of construct architecture on tissue growth; and transport through engineered tissues. Examples of engineering tissues for replacing cartilage, bone, tendons, ligaments, skin and liver will be presented. (Prerequisites: A first course in biomaterials equivalent to BME/ME 4814 and a basic understanding of cell biology and physiology. Admission of undergraduate students requires the permission of the instructor.)
BME 552. TISSUE MECHANICS
This biomechanics course focuses on advanced techniques for the characterization of the structure and function of hard and soft tissues and their relationship to physiological processes. Applications include tissue injury, wound healing, the effect of pathological conditions upon tissue properties, and design of medical devices and prostheses. (Prerequisite: An understanding of basic continuum mechanics.)
BME 560. PHYSIOLOGY FOR ENGINEERS
An introduction to fundamental principles in cell biology and physiology designed to provide the necessary background for advanced work in biomedical engineering. Quantitative methods of engineering and the physical sciences are stressed. Topics include cell biology, DNA technology and the physiology of major organ systems. NOTE: This course can be used to satisfy a life science requirement in the biomedical engineering program. It cannot be used to satisfy a biomedical engineering course requirement.
BME 562. LABORATORY ANIMAL SURGERY
A study of anesthesia, surgical techniques and postoperative care in small laboratory animals. Anatomy and physiology of species used included as needed. Class limited to 15 students. Approximately 15 surgical exercises are performed by each student. (Prerequisite: Graduate standing. Admission of undergraduate students requires the permission of the department head and the instructor.) NOTE: This course can be used to satisfy a life science requirement in the biomedical engineering program. It cannot be used to satisfy a biomedical engineering course requirement.
BME 581. MEDICAL IMAGING SYSTEMS
Overview of the physics of medical image analysis. Topics covered include X-Ray tubes, fluoroscopic screens, image intensifiers; nuclear medicine; ultrasound; computer tomography; nuclear magnetic resonance imaging. Image quality of each modality is described mathematically, using linear systems theory (Fourier transforms, convolutions). (Prerequisite: Signal analysis course BME/ECE 4011 or equivalent.)
BME 591. GRADUATE SEMINAR
Topics in biomedical engineering are presented both by authorities in the field and graduate students in the program. Provides a forum for the communication of current research and an opportunity for graduate students to prepare and deliver oral presentations. Students may meet the attendance requirement for this course in several ways, including attendance at weekly biomedical engineering seminars on the WPI campus, attendance at similar seminar courses at other universities or biotech firms, attendance at appropriate conferences, meetings or symposia, or in any other way deemed appropriate by the course instructor.
BME 595. SPECIAL TOPICS IN BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING
Topics in biomedical engineering. Presentations and discussions of the current literature in an area of biomedical engineering.