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Salisbury Laboratories, 317A
Phone: +1-508-831-5355
Fax: +1-508-831-5896

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Ryan S.J.d. Baker

Ryan Baker is an assistant professor of Psychology and the Learning Sciences in the Department of Social Science and Policy Studies at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, with a collaborative appointment in Computer Science. He is director of WPI's Educational Psychology Laboratory. He is also a member of the Pittsburgh Science of Learning Center.

He is Founding President of the International Educational Data Mining Society and is also Associate Editor of the Journal of Educational Data Mining. His research is at the intersection of Educational Data Mining and Human-Computer Interaction. He develops and uses methods for mining the data that comes out of the interactions between students and educational software in order to better understand how students respond to educational software, and how these responses impact their learning. He studies these issues within intelligent tutors, educational games, and science microworlds.

In recent years, he and his colleagues have developed automated detectors that make inferences in real-time about students' emotion, engagement, and meta-cognitive behavior, using data from students' actions within educational software (no sensor, video, or audio data). In particular, his group has studied "gaming the system," off-task behavior, guessing, carelessness, robust learning, boredom, frustration, engaged carelessness, and confusion. He uses these models to make basic discoveries about human learning and learners, and their cognition, meta-cognition, motivation, and affect.

Research Interests

  • Educational Data Mining
  • Learner-Computer Interaction
  • Gaming the System
  • Student Modeling (Disengagement, Affect, Robust Learning, Knowledge, Strategic Behavior, Meta-Cognition)


  • ScB. Computer Science. Brown University. Graduated with Honors in Computer Science, 2000.
  • M.S. Human-Computer Interaction. Carnegie Mellon University. 2005.
  • Ph. D. Human-Computer Interaction. Carnegie Mellon University. 2005.

Featured Publications

  • Baker, R.S., Boilen, M., Goodrich, M., Tamassia, R., and Stibel, B.A. (1999) Testers and Visualizers for Teaching Data Structures. 30th ACM SIGCSE Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education, 261-265.
  • Baker, R.S., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R., Wagner, A.Z. (2004) Off-Task Behavior in the Cognitive Tutor Classroom: When Students "Game The System". Proceedings of ACM CHI 2004: Computer-Human Interaction, 383-390.
  • Baker, R.S., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R. (2004) Detecting Student Misuse of Intelligent Tutoring Systems.Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 531-540.
  • Baker, R.S., Roll, I., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R. (2005) Do Performance Goals Lead Students to Game the System? Proceedings of the International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Education (AIED2005), 57-64.[Finalist for Best Paper Award]
  • Baker, R.S.J.d., Corbett, A.T., Koedinger, K.R., Evenson, E., Roll, I., Wagner, A.Z., Naim, M., Raspat, J., Baker, D.J., Beck, J. (2006) Adapting to When Students Game an Intelligent Tutoring System. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 392-401. [Won Best Paper Award]

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Professional Highlights

  • Best Paper Award: Intelligent Tutoring Systems 2006
  • Best Oral Presentation Award: Intelligent Tutoring Systems 2010
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