Organization of General Gates' Forces for 2nd Battle of Saratoga

In part due to the disorganization of the combined battle losses at Freeman's Farm and the arrival of new units to join in the fighting, Gates reorganized the American forces at Bemis Heights. He also used the reorganization of his forces as an attack upon Benedict Arnold, whom he purposefully relieved of command in the new structure.

This action came as the culmination of heated arguments between Generals Gates and Arnold which ensued after the Battle of Freeman's Farm. However, Arnold managed to find a way to lead at the close of the battle without legitimate command status. This action proved to be beneficial to Gates, providing a decisive victory over Burgoyne.

Gates' Reorganized Bemis Heights Forces
Commander -
Major General Horatio Gates
Commander -
Brigadier General Ebenezer Learned
Commander -
Major General Benjamin Lincoln
COL Morgan Elite Light Infantry Corps
COL Morgan - Morgan's Rifle Corps
MAJ Dearborn - Light Infantry Corps
(Roughly 500 men)

Poor Continental Brigade
COL Cilley - 1st NH Cont'l Reg
LTC Adams* - 2nd NH Cont'l Reg
COL Scammel - 3rd NH Cont'l Reg
COL Van Cortlandt - 2nd NY militia
COL Livingston - 4th NY militia
COL Cook - CT militia
COL Latimore - CT militia
(Roughly 800 men)

Learned Continental Brigade
COL Bailey - 2nd MA Cont'l Reg
LTC Brooks* - 8th MA Cont'l Reg
COL Wesson - 9th MA Cont'l Reg
COL Livingston - 1st Canadian NY militia
Reinforcements - 2 unknown NH militia
Glover Continental Brigade
COL Vose - 1st MA Cont'l Reg
COL Shepard - 4th MA Cont'l Reg
COL Wigglesworth - 13th MA Cont'l Reg
(unknown) - 15th MA Cont'l Reg
COL Wemple - 2nd Albany NY militia
COL Whiting - 17th Albany NY militia
COL Graham - Dutchess/Ulster NY militia

Nixon Continental Brigade
COL Greaton - 3rd MA Cont'l Reg
COL Putnam - 5th MA Cont'l Reg
COL Nixon - 6th MA Cont'l Reg
COL Alden - 7th MA Cont'l Reg
Reinforcements - 1 unknown MA militia

Paterson Continental Brigade
COL Marshall - 10th MA Cont'l Reg
COL Tupper* - 11th MA Cont'l Reg
COL Brewer - 12th MA Cont'l Reg
COL Bradford - 14th MA Cont'l Reg
Reinforcements - 2 unknown MA militia

Ten Broeck NY Brigade
Detachments from 10 Albany militia

Warner MA Brigade
5 MA militia regiments

*COL Hale captured at Hubbardton *COL Hale captured at Hubbardton *COL Francis killed at Hubbardton
Approximately 1,300 men Approximately 1,400 men Approximately 8,500 men
CAVALRY LT Seymour - 2nd Troop, 2nd Reg Cont'l Lt Dragoons
MAJ Hyde - 2nd Reg CT Light Horse Cavalry
(Possibly reinforced by troops of CT militia Lt Horse)
Estimated Strength - 200 to 250 strong
ARTILLERY MAJ Stevens - Indep BN of Cont'l Artillery
22 cannon of various types
Estimated Strength - 400 strong
ARTIFICERS COL Baldwin - Approximately 140 Artificers
Force Total Estimated 12,000 men - 11,200 Infantry (6,700 Continental Infantry plus militia)

Numbers are approximations based upon the historical research of COL John R. Elting. His figures are published in The Battles of Saratoga.

See Unit Definitions for estimated unit sizes.

Battle of Saratoga Staff Ride

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