Mathematical Sciences Department, Analysis/PDE Seminar - Yue Yu, Lehigh University "Learning Neural Operators for Complex Physical System Modeling" SH304

Thursday, April 27, 2023
11:00 am to 12:00 pm
Floor/Room #

Mathematical Sciences Department

Analysis/PDE Seminar

Speaker: Yue Yu, Lehigh University

Thursday, April 27, 2023

11:00 am - 12:00 pm

Stratton Hall 304


Title: Learning Neural Operators for Complex Physical System Modeling

Abstract: For many decades, physics-based PDEs have been commonly employed for modeling complex system responses, then traditional numerical methods were employed to solve the PDEs and provide predictions. However, when governing laws are unknown or when high degrees of heterogeneity present, these classical models may become inaccurate. In this talk we propose to use data-driven modeling which directly utilizes high-fidelity simulation and experimental measurements to learn the hidden physics and provide further predictions. In particular, we develop PDE-inspired neural operator architectures, to learn the mapping between loading conditions and the corresponding system responses. By parameterizing the increment between layers as an integral operator, our neural operator can be seen as the analog of a time-dependent nonlocal equation, which captures the long-range dependencies in the feature space and is guaranteed to be resolution-independent. Moreover, when applying to (hidden) PDE solving tasks, our neural operator provides a universal approximator to a fixed point iterative procedure, and partial physical knowledge can be incorporated to further improve the model’s generalizability and transferability. As a real-world application, we learn the material models directly from digital image correlation (DIC) displacement tracking measurements on a porcine tricuspid valve leaflet tissue, and show that the learnt model substantially outperforms conventional constitutive models.




Mathematical Sciences