Rebecca Gilchrist - Qualifying Exam High pH and Temperature Tolerant Molecular Mimic of Carbonic Anhydrase for Self-Healing Cementitious Material

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Floor/Room #
1st floor, Room 1002

Chemistry & Biochemistry 

High pH and Temperature Tolerant Molecular Mimic of Carbonic Anhydrase for Self-Healing Cementitious Material

Rebecca Gilchrist

Advisor: Professor Ron Grimm
1/12/2023 9am in GP1002

Carbon storage in concrete was recently reinvigorated by the use of carbonic anhydrase to yield an enzymatic self-healing cementitious material.  While this material demonstrates high strength and self-healing properties, the reliance on enzymatic catalysis limits the performance based on the two-week lifetime of carbonic anhydrase, and motivates the exploration of non-biological alternatives.  We have explored organometallic carbonic anhydrase mimetic materials with a view towards longevity and performance in the highly alkaline environments of cement as well as the high temperatures to which concrete may be subjected.  Inspired by bio-relevant carbonic anhydrase mimetics, results with zinc cyclen (cyclen = 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane) demonstrate high stability at pH above 13 and temperatures above 50 °C with good conversion of gas-phase carbon dioxide to carbonate.  We discuss these results in the context of molecular alternatives for self-healing cementitious material and carbon storage in concrete.

 

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Rebecca Evanoff